Wednesday, 21 August 2013

Secondary metabolites of Capsicum species and their importance in the human diet.

Secondary metabolites of Capsicum species and their importance in the human diet.
J Nat Prod. 2013 Apr 26;76(4):783-93
Authors: Wahyuni Y, Ballester AR, Sudarmonowati E, Bino RJ, Bovy AG
Abstract
The genus Capsicum (pepper) comprises a large number of wild and cultivated species. The plants are grown all over the world, primarily in tropical and subtropical countries. The fruits are an excellent source of health-related compounds, such as ascorbic acid (vitamin C), carotenoids (provitamin A), tocopherols (vitamin E), flavonoids, and capsaicinoids. Pepper fruits have been used for fresh and cooked consumption, as well as for medicinal purposes, such as treatment of asthma, coughs, sore throats, and toothache. Depending on its uses, there are several main characters important for product quality; pungency, bright attractive colors, highly concentrated extracts, and a small number of seeds are the main characters on which quality is based and priced. Herein, a general overview of biochemical composition, medical properties of these compounds, and characteristics of quality attributes of pepper fruits is presented.